The Foundation Curriculum
Teaching in the Foundation stage follows a different curriculum to the rest of the school, with a focus on developing the broad range of skills needed to help children become life-long learners.
The curriculum is spilt into 7 different areas of learning; these are further divided into 3 prime areas and 4 specific areas.
The 3 prime areas are so-called because research has shown that children require a secure foundation in these areas of learning before significant learning can take place in other areas. The prime areas consist of Physical Development (PD), Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) and Communication and Language.
PD focuses on the development and improvement of gross and fine motor skills, which children need to become independent with self-care and develop the skills and control needed for writing.
PSED emphasises the importance of developing secure relationships, with both adults and peers, and supports children to develop skills in sharing, negotiating and self-management of behaviour.
CL focuses on the development of listening skills, vocabulary and use of oral language structures. It also puts emphasis on the use of stories to help support the development of these skills.
The 4 specific areas are Mathematics, Literacy, Understanding of the World and Expressive Arts and Design.
Mathematics is further divided into Number, which includes learning to count and recognise numerals to 20, and Shape, Space and Measure, which includes understanding and use of positional language and recognition of 2D and 3D shapes.
Literacy is all about the development of the skills needed for reading and writing, which is facilitated by the daily teaching of phonics.
Understanding of the World gives children the opportunity to learn about other cultures and ways of life and helps them to identify similarities and differences.
Expressive Arts and Design focuses on the variety of ways children express themselves, including drawing and painting, imaginative play and construction.
All these areas of learning are catered for using a playful approach to learning. Adults in the Foundation team engage with and assess children through play, making observations and identifying next steps in learning. Activities provided for the children within the Foundation area are carefully planned around a desired learning intention, while remaining playful and engaging.